Benefits of Petroleum and Pipeline GIS
Mapping and spatial analysis are increasingly essential components to the oil and gas industry. Decision-makers, planners and crew in the field can leverage geographic information in every phase of the extraction and delivery process. Here are three top ways GIS mapping and spatial analytics influence the oil and gas sector.
1. Oil and Gas Site Selection
GIS is a valuable tool for oil and gas site selection because it gives decision-makers a way to visually evaluate topography, geology, and analyze surface drilling constraints. With GIS mapping, companies and field operators can also overlay high-resolution imagery on site maps to assist with project selections and surveys.
Once a site is selected, GIS is an invaluable method for visualizing the well planning process. Because most oil and gas are deep below the earth’s surface, these natural resources require drilling wells for extraction. States and communities pass laws setting safe extraction guidelines. For example, state law in Colorado allows multiple wells on a section of land while protecting the landowner’s right to safely use the land for other purposes.
Through intelligent mapping and spatial analysis, companies can view large quantities of geographic data to ensure they comply with laws and regulations in choosing the ideal extraction site.
2. Land Management Data
GIS software provides a digital, web-based place where company executives, analytics personnel and field staff can access land data at their fingertips. An easy-to-read map is vital for presenters in board meetings as well as managers working on site who must reference key information and data points—from land owner names and lease expiration dates to acreage count and more.
Innovative GIS features, like location information bubbles, supply C-suite execs and land regulators with a convenient labeling system. Adding names, dates, addresses and other datasets to a centralized, GIS environment streamlines the amount of time individuals spend looking for information. It provides an extra level of efficiency to a complex, fast-paced industry.
3. Routing Pipelines
The optimal pipeline route is a major goal for land owners, regulators, construction companies and planners, who must consider terrain, soil, political challenges and geographical hazards. While the shortest route is preferred, it’s not always achievable or suitable. This is where GIS tools come in, as they help decision-makers determine the most environmentally friendly, least-cost route between the source and destination. By mapping territories and overlaying multidisciplinary information, an individual using GIS can explore routing opportunities and identify cost-saving paths in a controlled environment.
With petroleum and pipeline GIS tools, industry experts can easily and rapidly evaluate site selection data, rank acreage criteria, explore statistical trends and patterns, plan for hazards and leaks, and ensure precise routing and fleet tracking. As the industry evolves, a GIS framework helps oil and gas companies drive sustainable efforts, compete on a global scale and propel the world’s economy forward.
Learn more about GIS mapping and spatial analysis for the oil and gas industry.